Forty major international and Australian academics and researchers including myself have written to the Therapeutics Goods Administration in support of the application to make low concentrations of nicotine available for use within electronic cigarettes (“vaping”).
Within Australia, it is actually illegal to possess or use nicotine apart from in tobacco or nicotine-replacement products, as nicotine is classified in the Poisons Standard as a Schedule 7 “dangerous poison”.
Since the primary addictive part of tobacco smoke, nicotine is area of the problem. However, this may also be portion of the solution. Using clean nicotine in e-cigarettes provides smokers with an alternative way of getting the nicotine which they may be addicted minus the tobacco smoke that triggers almost all of the harm from smoking.
As well as delivering nicotine, e-cigarettes replicate several important aspects of the “smoking experience”. This consists of the hand-to-mouth movement and the sensory and social elements of the habit of smoking that smokers frequently miss when they attempt to quit.
How harmful is nicotine?
The results of nicotine are relatively minor. It is far from a carcinogen and fails to cause respiratory disease. It has only relatively minor effects on the heart, including short-lived rises in heartbeat and blood pressure level, constriction of coronary arteries and an increase in the contracting of the heart muscle.
Nicotine in pregnancy harms the baby’s developing brain and lungs and reduces growth. It is also damaging to the adolescent brain, delays wound healing and increases insulin resistance. There is certainly some evidence in laboratory studies that nicotine may promote existing cancers.
However, when separated through the toxins in tobacco smoke and found in its pure form, there is very little proof long term harm from nicotine exposure in humans outside pregnancy and adolescence.
Reports have found the medical risks from vaping are unlikely to get more than 5% of the chance of smoking, and may be substantially less than this. As nearly all vapor cigarette supplies users are smokers or recent ex-smokers, this represents an enormous health benefit for those who change to vaping.
The impact of vaping on bystanders can also be considered to be negligible. E-cigarettes release low levels of nicotine and minimal quantities of other chemicals in to the ambient air. The expired vapour dissipates quickly with no significant health risks to bystanders.
Recent reports have found nicotine is far less toxic than previously thought. Many instances of intentional overdose with nicotine solutions result in prompt vomiting and full recovery.
Similarly, accidental poisoning in youngsters typically causes mild adverse effects. Serious outcomes are rare. Most child poisoning with nicotine may be prevented with sound judgment, childproof packaging and warning labels, the same as other potentially toxic medicines and cleaning products based in the home.
Overseas experience indicates e-cigarettes usually are not a gateway to smoking for younger people. Although adolescents are testing e-cigarettes, regular use by non-smokers is rare. The fantastic greater part of adolescents use nicotine-free e-cigarettes.
Actually, the evidence suggests e-cigarettes are acting being an “exit gateway” and therefore are displacing smoking. It is actually obviously better for young adults not to use e-cigarettes, but vaping is better than smoking.
Smokers who are trying to lessen the health problems from smoking are utilizing e-cigarettes almost exclusively as a safer option to combustible tobacco. After a decade of overseas’ experience, there is xocplg evidence e-cigarettes are renormalising smoking, are undermining tobacco control or are used to any significant extent for temporary, not permanent, abstinence (for example, in places that you can’t smoke).
Why nicotine should be legalised
Paradoxically, current Australian laws ban a less harmful form of nicotine intake (e-cigarettes) while allowing the widespread sale of the very most lethal form of nicotine intake (tobacco cigarettes). Despite the legal restrictions and difficulties of access, electronic cigarette use has become growing rapidly within australia.
Amending the Poisons Standard would allow smokers that are unable or unwilling to stop smoking to legally access low concentrations of nicotine for harm reduction. Additionally it is legally found in nicotine-replacement therapies such as patches, so why not e-cigarettes?
Regulation underneath the Australian Consumer Law would improve product safety and quality, restrict sales to minors and make sure child-resistant containers and appropriate advertising. It might also remove the black market and the risks related to it.
Research conducted recently estimated over 6 million European Union citizens have tried e-cigarettes to stop smoking. In the UK, 1.3 million ex-smokers are utilizing an electronic cigarette. Similarly, chances are tens of thousands of Australians will stop smoking tobacco using e-cigarettes if nicotine is legally available.